Brazilian Marine Corps Ensures Security in Rio de Janeiro

first_imgBy Taciana Moury/Diálogo September 28, 2018 The Marine Corps (FN, in Portuguese) of the Brazilian Navy (MB, in Portuguese) has been taking part in security operations in the city of Rio de Janeiro since Brazilian authorities sanctioned the use of the Armed Forces in operations to guarantee law and order (GLO, in Portuguese) on July 28, 2017. FN intensified activities after the government ordered federal intervention in the state of Rio de Janeiro via Decree No. 9288, February 16, 2018. In the past six month, the Fleet Marine Squad (FFE, in Portuguese) participated in more than 30 operations. According to FN Lieutenant General Paulo Martino Zuccaro, FFE commander, the participation of FN increased in unison with siege operations in Rio de Janeiro, which also last longer than those carried out in 2017. With federal intervention, public safety management moved from the state to the federal level, with Brazilian Army General Walter Braga Netto, public safety federal intervenor in Rio de Janeiro, responding directly to the president. “The technical aspects of the operations are similar to that of prior GLOs conducted in other states,” Lt. Gen. Zuccaro said. Following the intervention, authorities established an Intervention Joint Command comprised of officers from each service branch in the Eastern Military Command to conduct security operations, and coordinate and plan support operations for the National Public Security Plan. Within this context, MB assists Rio de Janeiro’s Public Security Secretariat, through a Marine Corps Operations Group (GptOpFuzNav, in Portuguese). “FN activities make up just one piece of the puzzle that contribute to the success of the operation as a whole. We can offer our amphibious capability to the Joint Command, which is a great advantage when the area of operation is close to the sea,” Lt. Gen. Zuccaro said. Currently, 300 FFE service members conduct daily patrols in the city within the most risky communities of the south side and in the Lins Complex of slums. FN also handles security on the main urban streets of Ilha do Fundão, near the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. A GptOpFuzNav was initially established to conduct various operations, such as perimeter security, assault, blockade, road clearance, and patrol. The increase in operations following federal intervention led to the creation of the Marine Corps Operations Group ARPOADOR-2018 to meet the needs of GLO’s operations. FN Colonel Reinaldo Reis de Medeiros, commander of ARPOADOR-2018, said the number of service members vary with the type of operation. “Some more complex operations may have an average of 850 to 1,000 Navy members,” he said. Maritime and ground operations On August 29th, an operation brought together more than 2,500 members of the Armed Forces, and Federal, Military, and Civil Police at the Salgueiro Complex of the city of São Gonçalo, in Rio de Janeiro’s metropolitan area. According to the Intervention Joint Command, members of MB, the First Naval District, and the Federal Police took part in ground operations and carried out a naval blockade and siege at Guanabara Bay, a maritime area adjacent to operations on the ground. “We estimate operations to directly and indirectly benefit about one million people, covering a land area of 32 square kilometers and a maritime area of 61 km². Two ships and 10 vessels, including an armored speedboat were used,” the Joint Command stated in a release. MB’s capabilities and equipment favor activities in the maritime environment, Col. Medeiros said. “Most of the operations conducted to date were on land,” he added. The Armed Forces in Rio de Janeiro conducted show of force, perimeter control, and dynamic stabilization operations such as road clearance, assault, and lockdown, among others. Nearly all of FFE equipment is available for security operations. Military motorcyclists of the Naval Battalion Police, known as scouts, also take part in the Rio operations. Patrol ships and rotary-wing aircraft of the Navy Fleet Command and Naval Operations Command also intervene when necessary. Population safety For Col. Medeiros, conducting activities in an urban environment with civilians is one of the biggest challenges with the operation in Rio de Janeiro. “The concern with collateral damage to the population imposes certain considerations and limitations, especially when we face irregular adverse forces that take advantage of people’s proximity,” he said. “The population’s safety is a priority and requires adjustments, often significant, to the modus operandi of military forces.” Careful preparation at the core of FN training ensures the safety of participating service members. Amphibious and riverside operations, limited use of force, including peacekeeping, GLO, non-combatant, and humanitarian evacuations are among the skills FN units count on. For Lt. Gen. Zuccaro, the intervention in Rio de Janeiro is a great opportunity to put to the test knowledge and techniques gained in different trainings and exercises, while adjusting to the reality of GLO operations. “It enables FN to improve performance in this type of operation,” he said. Authorities intend to keep up with operations until year-end, based on the Joint Command’s plan. “The marines are, by nature, an expeditionary troop always at the ready, which allows for immediate deployment to different types of environments and missions, anywhere, with the ability to adapt to various conditions,” Lt. Gen. Zuccaro concluded.last_img read more


Swiss government weighs further changes to pension system

first_imgThe Swiss government is weighing amendments to the supervisory structure of the second-pillar pension system, as well as strengthening governance at first-pillar scheme AHV. It commissioned the Interior Ministry to draw up a reform plan in which the responsibilities of implementing organisations, as well as the first-pillar supervisor, are stated more precisely and, where necessary, “disentangled”. Further, accounting, reporting and administration costs are to be brought up to date by applying unified and defined standards.The changes will also be applied to smaller first-pillar funds such as the EO, the fund for maternity leave and military service, and the fund for so-called Ergänzungsleistungen, or people who have too little money in their retirement. The government said the supervisory structure for the second pillar, implemented in 2012, had “proven itself” but could be “optimised in certain areas”.Three years ago, the federal supervisory authority Oberaufsichtskommission (OAK) was created.At the same time, the mostly cantonal supervisory authorities were merged to form larger regional bodies.With the next step of the reform, the Swiss government wants to further strengthen the independence of these regional authorities from cantonal bodies.This means representatives from cantonal governments will no longer sit on the boards of these authorities.A further reform proposal for Pensionskassen is to state the responsibilities of pensions advisers and auditors more precisely and differentiate them more clearly.The government gave the Interior Ministry until the end of 2016 to come up with a draft reform.“The aim is to achieve a risk and impact-oriented supervision for the whole social system,” the government said.last_img read more


Jay Rodriguez may need further surgery as he deals with a foot problem

first_img Press Association The England international only returned to action this season after 16 months out with cruciate damage but has now been sidelined since mid-October. Manager Ronald Koeman is baffled by the latest injury but Rodriguez could be facing another long spell out. Injury-hit Southampton striker Jay Rodriguez may need an operation to cure a mystery foot problem.center_img “Jay is not good, we are disappointed,” Koeman said. “We did everything about his feet but looks like it could be surgery next week. “I don’t know what it is, you have to ask the doctor. The medical staff will make the final call about surgery, and if it’s yes I can tell something more about how long (he will be out). “It’s difficult for the player and for everybody, he has no problems about his knee and it’s a different injury. That takes him down mentally, but we will give total support to the player.” Another injury-hit Saints striker made his comeback this week, but Koeman was not entirely impressed with Shane Long’s appearance for Republic of Ireland in their Euro 2016 qualifying win over Bosnia-Herzegovina. Long played most of the second half having trained just once following a five-week lay-off with an ankle problem. “I was surprised,” added the Dutchman. “Of course our doctor had contact with the medical staff of the Irish national team and my information was he still was not 100 per cent fit. “I don’t like to say more because that’s not the way; the way is to contact them and if we are not happy we have to tell them. That’s the first step. “He is now fit- because he played 40 minutes! But in my opinion a player needs more training before playing 40 minutes. “I understand it was a very important game, about qualification, but if I’m national coach I don’t put a player in after five or six weeks with only one training session. But that’s my personal opinion.” last_img read more


Ravens QB Lamar Jackson says team’s offense this year will be ‘totally different’

first_imgRavens coach John Harbaugh made headlines earlier this week by suggesting Jackson might run the ball more than 139 times in 2019, but Jackson countered that notion Thursday on “The Rich Eisen Show.”“Absolutely. I put on weight,” Jackson said (via ESPN.com) when asked if he could replicate the last season’s rushing production. “But I don’t think I’ll be running as much as I did last year. There were a lot of (run-pass options) and a lot of sudden changes in last year’s game. This will be totally different.” Related News Andrew Luck injury update: Colts QB (calf) remains off field but is ‘getting some work’ Jackson declined to go into detail about Baltimore’s new-and-improved offensive approach though.“I can’t talk about it,” Jackson said. “Each and every day we’re looking better and better in what we’re doing, whether it’s RPO, running the ball with our backs, or the pass game, it’s all looking incredible right now. But you’re going to have to see when it’s game time. Practice is going to be practice; games are going to be games.”Should we “take the over” on @Lj_era8 rushing attempts this #NFL season, like John Harbaugh suggested?The @Ravens QB wasn’t exactly giving away the game plan: pic.twitter.com/r0TZnV6uAH— Rich Eisen Show (@RichEisenShow) August 1, 2019Jackson has completed 99 of his 170 career NFL passing attempts for 1,201 yards and six touchdowns with three interceptions. It’s safe to say that the Ravens will try to even things out and monitor the volume of his rushes moving forward, as he was among the league leaders in fumbles (12) in 2018. He fumbled in nine games last season.”I think you’ll be pleasantly surprised that Lamar is not going to be running 20 times a game,” Ravens owner Steve Bisciotti said in May. “That’s not what this offense is about.” It appears Baltimore could have some serious changes on the way offensively, according second-year quarterback Lamar Jackson.Jackson, 22, set a single-season NFL record for quarterback rushing attempts last year, with 147. He reached that mark despite starting only seven games as a rookie (though he played in all 16).center_img Broncos’ Drew Lock calls debut against Falcons a ‘learning game’ Baltmiore traded Joe Flacco to the Broncos to make room for Jackson to shine and added Mark Ingram to the backfield this offseason. It also signed star safety Earl Thomas to a four-year deal to bolster its defense.Jackson adding a new dimension to his game could help the Ravens win the AFC North for a second consecutive season and push them deeper into the playoffs. They were eliminated by the Chargers in the first round last postseason.last_img read more