The second term: Calestous Juma on international development

first_imgWe spoke with Calestous Juma, professor of the practice of international development and director of the Science, Technology and Globalization Project, about the pressing international development policy issues of the president’s second term.Q: What are the top priorities for a second Obama administration in the area of international development?A: The international development scene underwent seismic changes during President Obama’s first term. First, foreign aid build on the principles of classical charity gave way to new approaches that focus on mutual benefits through measures such as international trade. Second, the eurozone crisis and Japan’s economic decline have significantly impaired America’s traditional partners in supporting classical development cooperation. Finally, new actors such as China, Brazil and India have changed both the context and content of international development cooperation.Q: What will be the potential challenges/roadblocks in the way of implementing those top priorities?A: Much of the knowledge needed for the United States to project its influence is in universities and the private sector. Most of the existing mechanisms for development cooperation need to be adjusted to leverage the power of universities and the private sectors to foster international development cooperation.last_img read more


A brighter future together

first_imgStudents from nine Boston Public Schools gathered recently at the Harvard Ed Portal to discuss their possible futures. Two in particular saw few limits.“First, I want to engineer the fastest car in the world,” said Amaj Mays, who also wanted to study aerospace engineering “and build a spaceship.”“I want to be someone,” said Stanley Charles. “In 10 years, I’ll be in college, and then I’ll go on to medical school. I want to be a doctor.”The boys, both seventh-grade students at the Curley K-8 School in Jamaica Plain, were at Harvard for the 2015 Dynamic Young Men’s Leadership commencement celebration. The public schools initiative focuses on empowering young black and Latino men, encouraging them to pursue their dreams, and working closely with teachers and parents to provide students with tools for academic and professional success.The power of the organization, said Carroll Blake, executive director of the achievement gap for the Boston Public Schools’ central administration and an adviser to the leadership initiative, lies in building a community of leadership across Boston. Holding the eighth grade commencement celebration on Harvard’s campus drives home the importance of college, helping the young men “know that college is for them,” he said.“You can see their energy, that excitement,” Blake said. “I think that’s one of the most powerful things this program has done. It’s getting them engaged in their own learning. These young men are waiting for someone to realize how smart they are, to realize that they have a talent to offer. They’re learning positive things about who they are, they’re learning leadership skills, and learning that we see them as leaders, and we set high expectations academically. They are scholars.”Kevin Casey, associate vice president for Harvard Public Affairs and Communications, was on hand to receive an award in honor of Harvard’s ongoing partnership.“We at Harvard are so proud to be a part of such a meaningful partnership between the University and Boston Public Schools,” said Casey. “I was thrilled to welcome such talented young men — and their families and mentors — to campus to recognize their hard work and accomplishments.”The event, which offered programming for parents as well as students, included workshops on critical thinking, entrepreneurship, and positive thinking, attracting students from schools such as the Horace Mann School for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing in Allston and the Mary Lyon K-8 in Brighton. Student groups from each school also gave presentations at the event, celebrating their achievements and hopes for their future.“Harvard’s involvement has been great,” Blake said. “Many of these students have the potential to go on to college, to go to Harvard. Being here on campus, to know that it’s not just across the river but that it’s open to you, makes a big difference. And if they don’t attend Harvard, it’s still important for them to know: College is for you. That future is for you.”last_img read more


A wall of color, a window to the past

first_imgAs brilliant as any of the works in the Harvard Art Museums’ galleries is a rainbow of small glass jars on the building’s fourth floor.Curious visitors who turn left exiting the museums’ elevators will see the Forbes Pigment Collection, a floor-to-ceiling wall of color compiled between about 1910 and 1944 by the director of the Fogg Art Museum.“In thinking about the role of a university museum, he was the first to conceive of it as ‘a laboratory for the fine arts,’ ” noted research curator Francesca Bewer in her book “A Laboratory for Art: Harvard’s Fogg Museum and the Emergence of Conservation in America, 1900–1950.”Edward Forbes’ fascination with a painting’s colors and their binding medium — a close inspection of which could help to determine a work’s authenticity — fueled his desire to use science to understand and study great works of art. He is often cited as the father of the field of art conservation in the United States.Narayan Khandekar, director of the Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies, shares a selection of intense colors with curious backstories. Photos by Stephanie Mitchell/Harvard Staff PhotographerBy the 1920s, Forbes had amassed containers of deep blues, rich purples, vibrant yellows, and myriad other colors from his travels to Europe and the Far East. Through the years, word of mouth helped the collection to grow as other art lovers and experts donated their own pigments. The museums’ collection, which is continually added to, now contains more than 2,500 samples and is renowned in the art community. For years, the pigments have helped art experts to research and authenticate paintings. Samples from the collection have been sent to the J. Paul Getty Museum, the Library of Congress, the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, and the National Research Laboratory for Conservation of New Delhi, India.In Cambridge, Forbes’ legacy thrives in the museums’ Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies, where experts preserve masterworks for future generations and decipher the chemical makeup of paint and pottery glaze. In addition to being their own artworks, Forbes’ pigments are a window to the past, shedding light on the working methods and preferred materials of renowned artists. Studying the pigments also reveals the effort it took, in the days before synthetic pigments, to get colors just right.Earlier this year, Narayan Khandekar, the Straus Center’s new director, pulled out for inspection a selection of intense colors with curious backstories to share:A piercing, precious blueSkill was needed to extract the rich blue hue from the lapis lazuli stone mined from quarries in Afghanistan. Preparers carefully ground the precious rock into particles small enough to work with yet “large enough to contain the blue color,” said Khandekar, holding up a jar of intense deep-blue powder. The color was used in medieval paintings. More prized than gold, it “often warranted its own budget line in agreements.”,Synthetic blueDirector of the Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies Narayan Khandekar explains how the creation of a synthetic substance, which was chemically identical to the pigment produced from the semiprecious stone lapis lazuli, opened up a new world of blue hues to artists. Pulling purple from the ocean floorThe key ingredient to another expensive pigment lurked in ocean waters. A secretion from the predatory sea snail Bolinus brandaris (originally known as Murex brandaris) provided the base for the deep, blue-red hue known as Tyrian purple, explained Khandekar. Its high cost rendered it a status symbol, and Byzantine emperors forbade anyone outside the imperial court from using the violet dye, lending it the distinction “royal purple.”,A priceless purpleKhandekar explains the aquatic origins of Tyrian purple. Shiny, precious metalThere are small jars of shimmering metal pigments, often found in automotive finishes, that gradually made their way into 20th-century pop art. English painter and collage artist Richard Hamilton was fond of spraying the metal flakes, suspended in a binding medium, on his works to give his art a shining glow, said Khandekar. “They are kind of extraordinary, these tiny bits of metal that you find on various works.”,Metals in metallic paintThe use of tiny metallic flakes suspended in a binding medium can give artworks a shining finish. Of crimson originThere are samples of kermes, an Old World pigment created by grinding tiny blisters produced by the insects Coccus ilicis, which lived on the kermes oak tree. Harvard’s sports teams, students, and alumni everywhere owe a debt of gratitude to the little bugs: Kermes is also the source of the word “crimson.”,Kermes is for crimsonThe rich kermes red pigment was created by grinding up the dried bodies of insects that lived on the kermes oak tree. Deadly beautySome pigments must be handled with care, including the yellow-hued orpiment and the red-orange realgar, which are derived from arsenic sulfide minerals.Similarly, the crystalline powder copper acetoarsenite, a brilliant shade of emerald green, could be hazardous to an artist’s health. The pigment produced the vibrant background found in the Fogg Museum’s “Self-Portrait Dedicated to Paul Gauguin” by Vincent van Gogh. But it was also highly toxic. Inexpensive to make, the color became a popular shade for household paint near the end of the 1800s and into the early 1900s, but its fumes could prove deadly. Later, the inorganic compound was used in insect repellant. “The ultimate intent is to get the right color,” said Khandekar, “but often artists will take great risks in doing so.”,Green poisonArtists often took risks to create their works, using poisonous pigments like emerald green to get the color just right.,Cadmium yellowKhandekar discusses the use of cadmium yellow by the Impressionists. Red is for RothkoIn recent years, working with the collection helped experts to develop an innovative “virtual” restoration. After analyzing Lithol red, the pigment favored by abstract artist Mark Rothko, Khandekar and a team of scholars developed a technique that used light from a projector to augment the faded colors on a series of Rothko murals that the artist painted for Harvard.“We found that when you tried to fade Lithol red as a powder, it was incredibly stable, but when you mixed it with ultramarine blue and a binding medium it became incredibly light-sensitive. Our analysis helped us understand what was going on with the paint,” said Khandekar. “To be able to treat and best look after works of art, you need to know all the things that are going on with them, and the Forbes Pigment Collection helps us do that.”last_img read more


GE Aviation Rutland shares energy reduction strategies, saved $1 million and 15 million kwh

first_imgSource: GE. RUTLAND, VT  ‘ May 18, 2011 ‘ Back Row, L to RMike Leonard, Efficiency VermontSenator Vincent IlluzziJim Merriam, Efficiency VermontLt. Governor Phil ScottSenator Bill CarrisDan DiBattista, GE Aviation GE Aircraft Engines – Rutland Operation,GE Aviation’s Rutland facility shared its energy reduction strategies with leading Vermont industrial businesses along with state and Congressional leaders at a special meeting on May 18 at the GE Aviation Rutland facility. GE has saved 15 million kilowatt hours of electricity and nearly 8,000 tons of CO2 in emissions reduced.Since 2006, the GE Aviation Rutland facility and Efficiency Vermont have worked together to identify and implement energy savings programs at the 400,000-square-foot Windcrest Road and 100,000-square-foot Columbian Avenue locations. The team has completed 16 projects that have reduced the annual electrical usage by more than 15 million kwh and reduced CO2 emission by close to 8,000 tons. GE Aviation estimates its annual electrical cost savings is more than $1 million for both Rutland locations. Examples of energy savings projects include:-          Lighting upgrades: Changing lighting from high pressure sodium fixtures to high performance T8 high bay fixtures. Annual savings of close to 2.5 million kWh in electricity and reduction of 1,000 tons of CO2 emissions, as well improved lighting in manufacturing areas.-          Right sizing equipment: Replacing eight over-sized rotary ovens with eight right-sized ovens and reduction in compressed air consumption.  Annual savings of nearly 1 million kWh in electricity and reduction of more than 450 tons of CO2 emissions.-          Aligning infrastructure to new processes: Changing two 100 HP ventilation systems to two 5 HP ventilation systems. Annual savings of more than 1 million kWh in electricity and reduction of more than 550 tons of CO2 emissions.-          Reducing compressed air consumption:Replacing 11 air diaphragm pumps with 11 electric pumps. Annual savings of more than 440,000 kWh in electricity and reduction of close to 230 tons of CO2 emissions.-          Creating employee energy awareness: Promoting energy conservation on the shop floor through employee awareness and simple equipment shut down and start up procedures in all production areas. This program, with little or no capital expense, yielded an estimated 12% electrical reduction in one year. ‘The team’s efforts have provided significant benefits to the site as well as the environment,’ said Dan DiBattista, plant manager for GE Aviation Rutland. ‘The energy savings is enough to power close to 900 Vermont homes annually and the CO2 emission reduction is the equivalent of removing close to 475 cars off the road each year.’‘GE Aviation is a leader in energy efficiency in the state of Vermont,’ said Mike Leonard, key account manager for Efficiency Vermont. ‘We’ve been pleased to partner with them as they’ve taken energy efficiency to a whole new level through process improvements and making energy use reduction a key part of operations.’ The energy efficiency efforts are part of GE’s ecomagination initiative, which includes a commitment by GE to reduce its absolute greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 25 percent, water usage by 25 percent and energy intensity reduction by 50 percent. For more information about GE’s ecomagination, visit:www.ecomagination.com(link is external).GE Aviation, an operating unit of GE (NYSE: GE), is a world-leading provider of jet and turboprop engines, components and integrated systems for commercial, military, business and general aviation aircraft. GE Aviation has a global service network to support these offerings. GE Aviation Rutland manufactures airfoils and vane for jet engines used in commercial and military aircraft. For more information, visit us at www.ge.com/aviation(link is external). Follow GE Aviation on Twitter athttp://twitter.com/GEAviation(link is external) and YouTube athttp://www.youtube.com/user/GEAviation(link is external). Efficiency Vermont was created by the Vermont Legislature and the Vermont Public Service Board to help all Vermonters reduce energy costs, strengthen the economy, and protect Vermont’s environment. Vermont Energy Investment Corporation (VEIC) operates Efficiency Vermont under an appointment by the Vermont Public Service Board. VEIC is a Vermont-based nonprofit organization founded in1986. For more information, contact Efficiency Vermont at 888-921-5990 or visit www.efficiencyvermont.com(link is external).Pictured: Front Row, L to RPaul Bender, GE AviationCharlie Barker, GE AviationDrew Hamer, GE Aviationcenter_img Middle Row, L to RRick Thibodeau, Efficiency VermontJonathan Aldrich, IBMKate Hunter, Efficiency Vermontlast_img read more


Reaching millennials at your credit union

first_imgTo grow effectively, credit unions need Millennials. Born between 1981 and 1996, the 80 million U.S. Millennials, also known as Gen Y, constitute the largest generational group ever and a quarter of the population.“One of the first things that jumps out as to why we need to attract Millennials: the sheer size and buying power of the group,” said Jesse Boyer, president/CEO of CUES Supplier member and partner DigitalMailer, Inc. Boyer presented the CUES webinar “Marketing Your Credit Union to Millennials.”According to Forbes, Millennials have $200 billion in annual buying power. And forecasts show they’ll spend $10 trillion in their lifetimes in the U.S. alone.“Gen Y consumers are extremely important because they represent the future of your membership, and the purchasing behaviors of this demographic will represent the status quo of future generations. If we can reach this group, we will have the ability to attract even younger generations of members,” said Boyer, a 20-year CU industry veteran. continue reading » 25SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more


Momofuku joins Goldbelly as delivery service sees Covid pandemic boom

first_imgGoldbelly founder and CEO Joe ArielSource: Goldbelly Like DoorDash and Grubhub, Goldbelly is one of the beneficiaries of the abrupt shift in behavior. It’s almost doubled its restaurant and customer count on its website this year, with establishments like Shake Shack, the burger chain founded by Meyer, joining its ranks. Including Momofuku, the company has nearly 700 restaurants listed on its marketplace.“Many partners who were interested but somewhat reluctant have now embraced giving the platform a chance and said to us that they couldn’t believe they hadn’t done it sooner,” Ariel said.‘Gravy seals’ hunt for regional cravesBut Goldbelly also has some key differences from the third-party delivery apps that work with local restaurants. It ships food items anywhere in the country, rather than being bound by a two- or three-mile radius. Restaurants have the freedom to fulfill their orders during lulls, like mid-afternoon or at midnight, when the kitchen is closed to takeout and delivery customers.- Advertisement – The company also works with the restaurants to decide on the price that the consumer pays, which ultimately includes the platform’s transaction fees and the hefty expense of overnight shipping the food anywhere in the country. The food can come frozen, already assembled or as parts of a meal kit to cook the dish easily.A more frequent treatUltimately, the New York bagels or Philadelphia cheesesteaks will cost more than if a customer bought them in person. But the service is for consumers who find themselves far flung from the comfort food they want to eat. And as the current crisis restricts travel and some consumers decamp to the suburbs, they are willing to pay the premium price. The service has also transitioned from being used for special occasions to something sought out more frequently.“As the world has changed, it’s become much more of a weekly and monthly event,” Ariel said.The fourth quarter is typically Goldbelly’s busiest time of the year, thanks to the holidays, according to Ariel. The approach of Thanksgiving means an influx of orders for pies, specialty side dishes and turduckens.“This year, it’s going to be a different level because people aren’t traveling to see their families,” Ariel said.Goldbelly customers are buying multiple items to ship to different people, creating their own virtual Thanksgiving dinners via Zoom. Corporate employers are looking to give their workers and clients Goldbelly’s meal kits and virtual cooking classes in place of in-person office parties.Of course, the pandemic is also introducing new challenges to Goldbelly. Vaccine makers are worried about potential delays in their rollouts due to a shortage of dry ice. Goldbelly’s merchants use the solid form of carbon dioxide for shipping some of their items, like ice cream, across the country overnight.Goldbelly has an entire department devoted to brainstorming how to keep food items frozen — or at least cold — before they arrive to customers.“It’s something we’re keeping our eyes opened for, but we have a few different approaches to attacking that before it becomes more of an issue,” Ariel said, adding that the majority of Goldbelly orders do not use dry ice.For Goldbelly and the rest of the world, a vaccine also means a return to traveling, dining inside restaurants and all of the other occasions that were abandoned during the pandemic. But Ariel thinks that consumers will continue to order from Goldbelly as frequently as they are now.“We believe that the nationwide delivery of your favorite foods is going to continue to be a value proposition that’s really exciting for a lot of people, especially those that experienced it and made a deeper emotional connection with our brand and the platform during this time,” Ariel said. – Advertisement – And it’s the restaurants, rather than Goldbelly, that are responsible for creating and shipping their food items. The business model means that Goldbelly is profitable, according to Ariel.But eateries also benefit from joining the e-commerce site. Ariel said that some restaurants are seeing higher sales volumes on Goldbelly than from their dining rooms before the pandemic.The pandemic introduced another facet to the Goldbelly experience: live cooking classes with famous chefs like Daniel Boulud. The classes are free with the purchase of the related meal kit.Goldbelly uses a team of scouts, internally known as the “gravy seals,” to scour the country and social media for restaurants beloved by their customers or offering unique regional specialties. Eateries on the platform run the gamut from nationally known establishments to mom-and-pop restaurants.center_img – Advertisement – Goldbelly is adding chef David Chang’s Momofuku to its national delivery service as the coronavirus pandemic drives customers and restaurants to the e-commerce site in droves.CEO Joe Ariel founded Goldbelly in 2013, when he was living in New York City and couldn’t find a local restaurant to meet his hankering for Nashville hot chicken or Southern-style biscuits. It’s since raised more than $33 million in funding, and its latest [email protected], in 2018, was led by restaurateur Danny Meyer’s Enlightened Hospitality Investments.Prior to the pandemic, Goldbelly was adding restaurants to the platform at a steady clip. But as lockdowns went into place across the United States, eateries that had previously eschewed delivery services and takeout had to pivot.- Advertisement – Customers dine at Momofuku’s outdoor seating in the East Village as the city continues Phase 4 of re-opening following restrictions imposed to slow the spread of coronavirus on September 26, 2020 in New York City.Alexi Rosenfeld | Getty Imageslast_img read more


Glamping Resort with tree houses opened in Plitvice

first_imgGrabovac, a picturesque place near the Plitvice Lakes, this summer has become richer for a completely new concept of vacation – glamping, which is part of Plitvice Holiday Resort. The real attractions are five wooden houses, which are a complete novelty on the Croatian market, and nine smaller holiday houses with an artificial lake suitable for swimming in the summer months, and this camp turns into a first-class location for a luxurious holiday all year round.Located high in the pine canopy, these luxurious cottages of unique design are perfect for stepping away from the hustle and bustle of everyday life and provide the perfect opportunity to reconnect with nature. Their interior is designed for comfort and relaxation, and due to its equipment will provide each guest with a sense of comfort and luxury. Five specially equipped wooden houses extend on three levels, with two bathrooms, two bedrooms, living room and kitchen, and provide comfortable and luxurious accommodation for four people.Cottages on the lakeOn the other hand, on the lake itself there are nine smaller houses with double beds and a bathroom. Privacy is guaranteed by the surrounding trees, which also offer pleasant shade on hot days, and it is certainly an interesting fact that due to good insulation and central heating they are available all year round. Contractors from Croatia participated in the construction of these houses and the complete zone, so we can say that they are entirely a Croatian product.The conceptual concept of this glamping edition is signed by the Zagreb Abstracto studio, which is responsible for the complete arrangement of the camp, the design of the exterior and interior of the houses and their environment with the lake.”We are faced with a great challenge in the very development of the concept due to the desire of investors to make the project something unprecedented in our area and beyond. However, many years of experience and trust of investors and camp managers Grabovac, with whom we have successfully cooperated before, made it easier for us to create this project and now, with a step back, we can say with certainty that we have fulfilled this wish.. ” pointed out Ivan Plemenčić, head of the architectural team of Abstracto studio.It should be noted that the gastronomic offer has not bypassed this modern edition of glamorous camping, as this new age concept is called, so at the entrance to the camp there is an à la carte restaurant serving traditional Croatian cuisine, of which specialties should be emphasized. from Lika like homemade lamb. All visitors to the camp can enjoy their meals in the dining room or on the spacious terrace, and it is possible that they return to their terrace with breakfast and thus enjoy the view of nature.PHOTO GALLERY / Photo: Abstracto studio, Plitvice Holiday Resortlast_img read more


Stealing a march on crime

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Germans to be fined up to 500 euros for breaking distancing rules

first_imgTopics : Local governments have the power to set fines for transgressors, with city officials in Berlin saying their fines would be as high as 500 euros. Similar announcements have come from across Germany’s 16 states.Hesse, home to finance hub Frankfurt, and North Rhine-Westphalia both promised penalties of up to 200 euros for people who gather in groups of more than two.Bavaria, Germany’s largest state, has been the worst affected by the coronavirus so far, with more than 18,000 cases. Germans risk being fined up to 500 euros ($540) for standing too close to each other from Friday as officials crack down on people flouting rules brought in to control coronavirus.Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government has ordered people not leave their homes unless they have an exceptional reason such as grocery shopping, exercise or medical appointments.Gatherings of more than two people are banned and a distance of at least 1.5 meters must be kept from others at all times.center_img There, people who stand less than 1.5 meters apart risk being fined 150 euros. Queues of people standing far apart have become a common sight outside German supermarkets and pharmacies, with many sticking down tape to mark where people should stand on the pavement.However, German police have also reported numerous violations of the rules.Germany has recorded over 79,000 cases of the novel coronavirus, according to the Robert Koch Institute for disease control.A total of 1,017 people have died.last_img read more


Governor Wolf Hosts Non-Partisan Redistricting Listening Session with State College Residents

first_img January 30, 2018 National Issues,  Press Release,  Redistricting,  Voting & Elections State College, PA – Today, Governor Tom Wolf was joined by Penn State University faculty and students, community leaders, and residents for a non-partisan panel discussion on gerrymandering in the commonwealth. Nearly 100 constituents joined the discussion on how the current Congressional map affects their representation and how they feel redistricting should be approached. This is the first in a series of listening sessions the governor will hold across Pennsylvania in advance of the February 9 deadline for the General Assembly to deliver a redrawn Congressional map.“It’s important that we engage in open and transparent conversation on gerrymandering,” said Governor Wolf. “This is not a partisan issue and I want to make it clear that the people of Pennsylvania are the ones leading this charge.”Along with Governor Wolf, panelists included Zak Kalp, Penn State University senior and President of Better Politics PSU; Dr. Jessica O’Hara, Associate Teaching Professor in Communication Arts and Sciences, Penn State University; Dr. Bradford Vivian, Associate Professor in Communications Arts and Sciences, Penn State University, and Director of the Center for Democratic Deliberation; Debbie Trudeau, Fair Districts PA; and Jonathan Marks, Commissioner, Department of State Bureau of Commissions, Elections, and Legislation.Last week Governor Wolf announced he will enlist a non-partisan mathematician, Moon Duchin, Ph.D., an Associate Professor of Mathematics from Tufts University, to provide him with guidance on evaluating redistricting maps for fairness. Governor Wolf has it made clear since the Supreme Court ruled the map unconstitutional that he sees this as an opportunity to eliminate partisan gerrymandering and deliver the people of Pennsylvania a fair Congressional map. Governor Wolf Hosts Non-Partisan Redistricting Listening Session with State College Residentscenter_img SHARE Email Facebook Twitterlast_img read more